During the 1800’s, American politics was dominated by several personalities. Complete a web search similar to the one you did for Civil War Events. You should concentrate on answering the following question in relation to two of the following people: How did they change American politics?
Write a paragraph for each of people you have selected and include a citation of materials used. NOT JUST A HYPERLINK!
John C. Calhoun
During the time following the attack on Ft. Sumter but before the Battle of Bull Run, the country held its breath and began to find out what secession really means. No one was truly surprised when Firebrands in GA and SC began to push the slave holding aristocracy towards secession in the Deep South. Lincoln could see that the regional disillusionment of the Union was just that, regional. However his next move would be the tipping point between a wider more consuming war or simply a militia driven attack on the aristocrats.
Lincoln’s action of calling for militias to give their allegiance to the Federal government and then march through other states to attack major cities in the South, Charleston, Atlanta, and Birmingham, was a radical idea but not unheard-of. Additionally, the comments of Alexnder Stephens explaining GA secession as, “the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery—subordination to the superior race—is his natural and normal condition,” show that for many the war was about Slavery, Aristocracy, and maybe State’s Rights. Thus, the actions of border states in April and May of 1861 appear just as radical as Lincoln asking the common man to fight the Slave holding Aristocracy of the the Deep South. If I were a Virginian at this moment in history, I would have been terrified knowing that the armies of the Federal Government, amassing within the federal district, would be marching through my towns and down my roads to attack “The South.”
Today, should be an awesome celebration of the American spirit. Abraham Lincoln took office on this day in 1861 and would become one of the most revered men in the history of the US. His election is the last catalyst to move southern leaadership to begin secession. South Carolina would be the first and Lincoln responded accordingly, he never surrendered. The Southern cause was one of simple philosophy, keep fighting until Lincoln and the rest of the Republican Party was voted out of Congress. This plan would fail and Lincoln would see that the country stay whole and “give that last full measure of devotion” to the country he loved.
One of the funniest ironies of this american giant is the idea that he was always famous. When he traveled to NYC to campaign for the nomination, no one met him at the wharf, the hotel, or the caucus floor on the first day of debate.
Information contained in this article was fact checked using the online sources Wikipedia and CWPT. As well as works by Shelby Foote, James M. McPherson, Bruce Catton, James I. Robertson Jr., and William C. Davis.